Making Curriculum Pop

ARTICLE: The Future of Schooling May Lie with Video Games (Quest To Learn)

Another great article MC Popper Frank Baker (and Media Literacy Clearinghouse guru) hipped me to.

From the Economist:

Education, psychology and technology
Games lessons

Sep 3rd 2009 | NEW YORK
From The Economist print edition

It sounds like a cop-out, but the future of schooling may lie with video games

SINCE the beginning of mass education, schools have relied on what is known in educational circles as “chalk and talk”. Chalk and blackboard may sometimes be replaced by felt-tip pens and a whiteboard, and electronics in the form of computers may sometimes be bolted on, but the idea of a pedagogue leading his pupils more or less willingly through a day based on periods of study of recognisable academic disciplines, such as mathematics, physics, history, geography and whatever the local language happens to be, has rarely been abandoned.

Abandoning it, though, is what Katie Salen hopes to do. Ms Salen is a games designer and a professor of design and technology at Parsons The New School for Design, in New York. She is also the moving spirit behind Quest to Learn, a new, taxpayer-funded school in that city which is about to open its doors to pupils who will never suffer the indignity of snoring through double French but will, rather, spend their entire days playing games.

Quest to Learn draws on many roots. One is the research of James Gee of the University of Wisconsin. In 2003 Dr Gee published a book called “What Video Games Have to Teach Us About Learning and Literacy”, in which he argued that playing such games helps people develop a sense of identity, grasp meaning, learn to follow commands and even pick role models. Another is the MacArthur Foundation’s digital media and learning initiative, which began in 2006 and which has acted as a test-bed for some of Ms Salen’s ideas about educational-games design. A third is the success of the Bank Street School for Children, an independent primary school in New York that practises what its parent, the nearby Bank Street College of Education, preaches in the way of interdisciplinary teaching methods and the encouragement of pupil collaboration.

Ms Salen is, in effect, seeking to mechanise Bank Street’s methods by transferring much of the pedagogic effort from the teachers themselves (who will now act in an advisory role) to a set of video games that she and her colleagues have devised. Instead of chalk and talk, children learn by doing—and do so in a way that tears up the usual subject-based curriculum altogether.

Periods of maths, science, history and so on are no more. Quest to Learn’s school day will, rather, be divided into four 90-minute blocks devoted to the study of “domains”. Such domains include Codeworlds (a combination of mathematics and English), Being, Space and Place (English and social studies), The Way Things Work (maths and science) and Sports for the Mind (game design and digital literacy). Each domain concludes with a two-week examination called a “Boss Level”—a common phrase in video-game parlance.

Freeing the helots
In one of the units of Being, Space and Place, for example, pupils take on the role of an ancient Spartan who has to assess Athenian strengths and recommend a course of action. In doing so, they learn bits of history, geography and public policy. In a unit of The Way Things Work, they try to inhabit the minds of scientists devising a pathway for a beam of light to reach a target. This lesson touches on maths, optics—and, the organisers hope, creative thinking and teamwork. Another Way-Things-Work unit asks pupils to imagine they are pyramid-builders in ancient Egypt. This means learning about maths and engineering, and something about the country’s religion and geography.

Whether things will work the way Ms Salen hopes will, itself, take a few years to find out. The school plans to admit pupils at the age of 12 and keep them until they are 18, so the first batch will not leave until 2016. If it fails, traditionalists will no doubt scoff at the idea that teaching through playing games was ever seriously entertained. If it succeeds, though, it will provide a model that could make chalk and talk redundant. And it will have shown that in education, as in other fields of activity, it is not enough just to apply new technologies to existing processes—for maximum effect you have to apply them in new and imaginative ways.

Original article can be found here

Views: 85

Replies to This Discussion

This is a very interesting article. I am a huge fan of video games and I think the use of video games in the classroom would be a very unique task for any teacher to accomplish. I believe video games would help the students become more attentive and interested in the course material, but wouldn't it be hard to teach a high level high school course using video games?
I think this is a really good frontier to conquer also. I think students would really get excited about being able to play video games in class. When I was little and struggled with math I started playing a game called "Math Blaster" which was about a kid who had to use math to save the world from alien invasion. It really helped and half the time I just played it for fun. I think games like this would work in elementary school but after that I don't think there are games out that would be able to help teach high school or middle school.
Humm, I guess we'll see, eh? I think games are very poor as certain types of learning and great with others. Seems to me that we should use games whenever we can - but different kids need different things to engage them so I school built completely around games seems a bit flawed while a learning about how to MAKE games might have even more to offer.

10 cents - worth about three "in this economy."

Thanks for responding!

I have a research site for you. It is not quite where you all are but you might find some interesting things. Check out Egypt where there is a you tube of Egypt in color. Have fun and let me know.
aloha all
I think this sounds absolutely fascinating. I especially like the idea of a 'Boss Level' - I might even use it myself! However, I don't see anywhere any kind of physical education. Maybe not all the classes are described above, or maybe it's somewhere that I just missed, but considering just how fat so many kids are worldwide today, it seems counterproductive to cut out physical activity from their education. Having said that, though, good luck to Katie. I hope this school works and helps kids to stay motivated to continue their education. We need forward-thinking, innovative people like her everywhere! 

Ms. M, 


This book - The Multiplayer Classroom: Designing Coursework as a Game - can give you tons of ideas on how to design your gym course as a game. Ryan



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